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Pyšek Petr

Prof., RNDr., CSc.
Born 10 February 1958 in Karlovy Vary

  • Plant ecology, biological invasions
  • Member of Learned Society since 2011

Educational and professional preparation

  • M. Sc. in biology, Charles University in Prague, 1982
  • RNDr., Charles University in Prague, 1983
  • PhD (CSc), Institute of Applied Ecology, Czech Agricultural University, Prague, 1992
  • Associate Professor of Botany, Charles University Prague, 2004
  • Professor of Ecology, Charles University Prague, 2009
  • Visiting Scholar, Department of Plant Sciences, Oxford University, UK, 1991
  • Leverhulme Research Fellow, Department of Plant Sciences, Oxford University, UK, 1994
  • Visiting Researcher, Lincoln University, New Zealand, 2011

Employment and academic positions

  • Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Průhonice (since 1996), Head of the Department of Ecology (since 2004)
  • Department of Ecology, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague (since 2004)

Membership and positions in national organizations and scientific bodies

  • Editor in Chief of Preslia, journal of the Czech Botanical Society (since 1999), Executive Editor (1989–1999)
  • Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Průhonice: Deputy Director (2004–2011), Head of the Research Section (1999–2003), member of the Scientific Council (since 1998)
  • Czech Science Foundation: member of the Ecology of Animals and Plants panel (2000–2005, since 2009)
  • Grant Agency of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic: panel member (1995–1997)
  • Czech Botanical Society: member of the Society Council (1999–2009)
  • Czech Ecological Society: member (since 2009)

Membership and positions in international organizations and societies

  • Member of Editorial Boards/Associate Editor of international journals: Biological Invasions (since 1998), Folia Geobotanica (since 1992), Diversity and Distributions (since 2001), Perspectives on Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics (since 2001), BioRisk (since 2008)
  • Scientific Advisor to and Board Member of the Centre of Excellence for Invasion Biology DST-NRF (CIB), Stellenbosch University, South Africa (2004–2010)
  • Member of DAISIE (2005–2008) and ALARM (2004–2009) consortia of the 6 FP EU, managing European Alien Species Database
  • Member of IUCN Invasive Species Specialist Group (since 2011)
  • Member of British Ecological Society, International Association for Vegetation Science, International Biogeographical Society, Ecological Society of America, Botanical Society of America

Notable awards

  • Praemium Academiae (Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic), 2010
  • Creative Award of the Chancellor of Charles University in Prague, 2010

Selected publications

  • Pyšek P., Jarošík V., Chytrý M., Danihelka J., Kühn I., Pergl J., Tichý L., Biesmeijer J., Ellis W. N., Kunin W. E. & Settele J. (2011) Successful invaders co-opt pollinators of native flora and accumulate insect pollinators with increasing residence time. Ecological Monographs 81: 277–293
  • Vilà M., Espinar J. L., Hejda M., Hulme P. E., Jarošík V., Maron J. L., Pergl J., Schaffner U., Sun Y. & Pyšek P. (2011) Ecological impacts of invasive alien plants: a meta-analysis of their effects on species, communities and ecosystems. Ecology Letters 14: 702–708
  • Blackburn T. M., Pyšek P., Bacher S., Carlton J. T., Duncan R. P., Jarošík V., Wilson J. R. U. & Richardson D. M. (2011) A proposed unified framework for biological invasions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 333–339
  • Essl F., Dullinger S., Rabitsch W., Hulme P.E., Hülber K., Jarošík V., Kleinbauer I., Krausmann F., Kühn I., Nentwig W., Vilà M., Genovesi P., Gherardi F., Desprez-Lousteau M.-L., Roques A. & Pyšek P. (2011) Socioeconomic legacy yields an invasion debt. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108: 203–207
  • Pyšek P. & Richardson D. M. (2010) Invasive species, environmental change and management, and health. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 35: 25–55
  • Pyšek P., Jarošík V., Hulme P. E., Kühn I., Wild J., Arianoutsou M., Bacher S., Chiron F., Didžiulis V., Essl F., Genovesi P., Gherardi F., Hejda M., Kark S., Lambdon P.W., Desprez-Loustau A.-M., Nentwig W., Pergl J., Poboljšaj K., Rabitsch W., Roques A., Roy D. B., Shirley S., Solarz W., Vilà M. & Winter M. (2010) Disentangling the role of environmental and human pressures on biological invasions across Europe. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107: 12157–12162
  • Mitchell C. E., Blumenthal D., Jarošík V., Puckett E. E. & Pyšek P. (2010) Controls on pathogen species richness in plants’ introduced and native ranges: roles of residence time, range size, and host traits. Ecology Letters 13: 1525–1535
  • Hulme P. E., Pyšek P., Nentwig W. & Vilà M. (2009) Will threat of biological invasions unite the European Union? Science 324: 40–41
  • Blumenthal D., Mitchell C. E., Pyšek P. & Jarošík V. (2009) Synergy between pathogen release and resource availability in plant invasion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106: 7899–7904
  • Lambdon P. W., Pyšek P., Basnou C., Hejda M., Arianoutsou M., Essl F., Jarošík V., Pergl J., Winter M., Anastasiu P., Andriopoulos P., Bazos I., Brundu G., Celesti-Grapow L., Chassot P., Delipetrou P., Josefsson M., Kark S., Klotz S., Kokkoris Y., Kühn I., Marchante H., Perglová I., Pino J., Vilà M., Zikos A., Roy D. & Hulme P. E. (2008) Alien flora of Europe: species diversity, temporal trends, geographical patterns and research needs. Preslia 80: 101–149.
  • Pyšek P., Jarošík V., Chytrý M., Kropáč Z., Tichý L. & Wild. J. (2005) Alien plants in temperate weed communities: Prehistoric and recent invaders occupy different habitats. Ecology 86: 772–785.
  • Pyšek P., Sádlo J. & Mandák B. (2002) Catalogue of alien plants of the Czech Republic. Preslia 74: 97–186.