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Zahradník Rudolf

Prof., Ing., DrSc., Dr.h.c.mult.
Born October 20, 1928 in Bratislava, † 2020

  • Physical chemistry, quantum chemistry
  • Member of Learned Society since 1994 (Founding member)
  • First President of LS 1994–1997

Educational and professional preparation:

  • 1952, graduate, Institute of Chemical Technology in Prague;
  • 1956, CSc. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (CSAS), Prague;
  • 1968, DrSc. (CSAS);
  • 1967, Associate Professor, Faculty of Sciences, Charles University (FS CU);
  • 1989, Full Professor of physical chemistry, FS CU.

Employment and academic positions:

  • Head, Department of Applied Quantum Chemistry, J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry (HIPC), CSAS, a number of years; later head of the group on theory of chemical reactivity at HIPCl
  • 1990-1993, Director, J. Heyrovský Institute of Physical Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic (AS CR);
  • 1993-2001, President, AS CR;
  • 2001, elected honorary president of AS CR;
  • 2001-present, resumed work in theoretical chemistry at Heyrovský Institute;
  • 1965-1990, visiting professor at eleven institutions: University of Giessen, University of Würzburg, Institute of Technology, Darmstadt, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, (all in FRG); University of Leipzig (GDR); University of Groningen, the Netherlands; University of Basel, Switzerland; University of Texas at Austin, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn. (both USA); and University of Osaka, Sendai University (both Japan).

Membership and positions in international organizations and societies:

  • 1982, Member, International Academy of Quantum Molecular Sciences
  • 1982, Fellow, World Association of Theoretical Organic Chemists
  • 1992, Member, European Academy of Arts, Science and Literature (Paris)
  • 1994, Member, European Academy for Environmental Affairs
  • 1994, Corresponding member, Croatian Academy of Sciences
  • 1995, Founding member, Engineering Academy of the Czech Republic (Prague)
  • 1997, Member, European Academy of Sciences and Arts (Salzburg)
  • 2000, Member, Academia Europaea (London)

Notable awards:

  • 1946, Junák (Boy Scout) bronze cross (1939-1945)
  • 1987, Honorary member, Chemical Society of German Democratic Republic (GDR)
  • 1988, Honorary member, Swiss Chemical Society
  • 1989, Medal, Slovak Institute of Technology, Bratislava
  • 1990, J. Heyrovský Gold Plaque (for contributions to the chemical sciences)
  • 1992, Votoček Medal, Institute of Chemical Technology (Prague)
  • 1993, Dr.rer.nat.h.c., Technical University (Dresden)
  • 1993, Dr.h.c., University of Fribourg
  • 1994, Dr.h.c., Technical University of Pardubice
  • 1994, Gold Medal, SAS (for chemistry)
  • 1995, Gold Medal, Charles University (Prague)
  • 1996, Dr.h.c., Georgetown University (Washington, DC)
  • 1996, Marin Drinov Medal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
  • 1998, Dr.h.c., Charles University
  • 1998, Dr.h.c., Clarkson University (Potsdam, NY)
  • 1998, Medal, J.M. Marci Spectroscopical Society
  • 1998, Silver Medal, Capital City of Prague
  • 1998, State Award, Czech Republic (for contributions to scientific and social activities)
  • 1998, Honorary Citizen of City of Třeboň
  • 1998, Austrian Honorary Cross Class I (Vienna) (for the sciences and the arts)
  • 1999, Order „Pro ecclesia et pontifice,“ Pope John Paul II
  • 1999, Gold Medal, Slovak Chemical Society
  • 2000, Dr.h.c., Comenius University (Bratislava)
  • 2000, Honorary Member, Association of German Chemists
  • 2000, Josef Hlávka Medal
  • 2002, Dr.h.c., University of Waterloo (Canada)
  • 2002, Honorary Citizen of Capital City of Prague
  • 2003, Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques (awarded by the Premier of the Government of the Republic of France)

Selected publications:

  • Zahradník R.: An Attempt of Calculating the Taft´s Constants s*. Nature 184, 1865 (1959)
  • Zahradník R., Chvapil M.: Study of the Relationship between the magnitude of Biological Activity and the Structure of Aliphatic Compounds. Experientia 16, 511 (1960)
  • Zahradník R., Michl J., Koutecký J.: Fluoranthene-like Hydrocarbons: MOLCAO Study of Electronic Spectra, Charge-transfer Spectra and Polarographic Reduction. J. Chem. Soc. 4998 (1963)
  • Zahradník R.: Electronic Structure of Heterocyclic Sulfur Compounds. Advances In Heterocyclic Chem., Vol. 5 (A. Katritzky, Ed.). Academic Press, New York 1965, p. 1
  • Zahradník R.: Elektronenstruktur und Eigenschaften nicht-alternierender Kohlen-wasserstoffe. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 4, 1039 (1965)
  • Čársky P., Zahradník R.: MO Approach to Electronic Spectra of Radicals. Topics Curr. Chem. 43, 1 (1973)
  • Čársky P., Zahradník R.:  Ab Initio Calculations and Absolute Rate Theory. Critical test for a Series of Elementary Gas-Phase Reactions. Int. J. Quantum Chem. XVI, 243 (1979)
  • Hobza P., Zahradník R.: Intermolecular Interactions between Medium-Sized Systems. Nonempirical and Empirical Calculations of Interaction Energies: Successes and Failures. Chem. Rev. 88, 871 (1988)
  • Fabian J., Zahradník R.: Auf der Suche nach tieffarbigen organischen Verbindungen. Angew. Chem. 101, 693 (1989); Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 28, 677 (1989)
  • Zahradník R., Šroubková L.: Estimates of Quantum Chemical Molecular Characteristics for Complete Basis Sets. Isr. J. Chem. 2003