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Petráň Mojmír

Prof., MUDr., CSc. 
Born March 28, 1923 in Prague 

  • Physiology, biophysics, instrumental technology 
  • Member of Learned Society since 2004 

Educational and professional preparation: 

  • 1942, graduation, academic secondary school in Žižkov, Prague; 
  • 1945-1950, Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague; 
  • 1950-1953, post-graduate student at the Biological Institute, later Physiological Institute, CSAS; 
  • 1960, Associate Professor in medical physics at the Faculty of Medicine, CU, Pilsen; 
  • 1990, appointed Professor of Biophysics. 

Employment and academic positions: 

  • 1942-1945, technical clerk in Ostmarkwerke at Kbely in Prague; 
  • 1949, auxiliary assistant at the Physiological Institute of FM CU in Prague; 
  • 1950-1960, post-graduate student, later scientific worker, Biological Institute and Physiological Institute, CSAS; 
  • 1964-1966, Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven USA.; 
  • 1960-1970, Head, Department of Medical Physics and Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, CU, Pilsen; 1970-1989, scientific worker there; 
  • 1989-2002, pensioner; 2002-present, 30 percent part-time position, First FM CU, Prague 

Membership and positions in selected international organizations: 

  • Czechoslovak Physiological Society 
  • Czechoslovak Microscopy Society 
  • Royal Microscopical Society Oxford, Honorary Fellow (1989) 
  • Editorial Board of the Journal of Microscopy Oxford 

Notable awards: 

  • 1946, Czechoslovak Military Medal for Merit, second class 
  • 1969, Vienna Erfindermesse [Inventors’ Fair] Gold Medal (for exhibiting our Institute’s microscope with tandem canning) 
  • 1987, Laufberger Medal of the Czechoslovak Physiological Society 
  • 1989, Honorary membership of the Royal Microscopical Society (see above) and the medal “150 Years RMS” 
  • 2004, Award of the Czechoslovak Microscopy Society 

Selected publications: 

  • Bureš, M. Petráň, Zachar: Electrophysiological Methods in Biological Research (1960) (three English editions; also translated into Russian, Chinese and partly into Japanese) 
  • M. Petráň, M. Hadravský, Egger, Galambos: Tandem-Scanning Reflected-Light
  • Microscope. J. Optical Society of America 58, 661-664 (1968) 
  • Petráň, Boyde, Hadravský: Direct View Confocal Microscopy. In: Confocal Microscopy (T. Wilson,. Ed.). Academic Press, London 1990, pp. 245-283 
  • M. Petraň, M.Hadravsky: Method and Arrangement for Improving the Resolving Power and Contrast. US Patent No. 3, 517.980 June 30, 1970 (Czechoslovakia claimed priority of application Dec. 5, 1966) 
  • M. Petráň: Vesmír 76, 616 (1976) and Vesmír 83 (3) M6, (2004) (in Czech on the microscope with tandem scanning) 
  • Translated several books by Jiří Procházka, especially those in Latin and German, into Czech and Russian, and also co-edited works with several other authors; published by CSAS Publishing House, 1954, 1956, 1971, and Medgiz, Leningrad 1957

Memoirs: editing in progress. 

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Reaction to the case of Tomáš Hudlický: Members of the Learned Society of the Czech Republic support the freedom of expression

„We believe that free exchange of ideas is a key condition for the pursuit of truth and that the honest opinions should be scrutinized, challenged or rebutted but not censored or suppressed,“ say 45 members of the Learned Society in a statement regarding the retracted opinion paper by Prof. Tomáš Hudlický.


The letter by Jan Konvalinka to the President and Vice-Chancellor of the Brock University regarding the retracted article of Prof. Tomáš Hudlický

Opinions could and should be challenged, questioned or refuted but never silenced. In order to be able to think, we have to have the right to inquire, question and even offend or be mistaken,” writes Assoc. Prof. Jan Konvalinka, a biochemist at the IOCB Prague and the Vice-Rector of the Charles University, to Gervan Fearon.


Prof Miroslav Bárta receives the Česká hlava National Government Award

Learned Society member, Prof. Mgr. Miroslav Bárta, Dr. (Charles University Faculty of Arts) received the Česká hlava (Czech Head) National Government Award on 25 November 2019. A renowned Czech Egyptologist and archaeologist, Professor Bárta researches the history of ancient civilisations, the human relationship to the natural environment, and also for many years the evolution of complex societies. He leads the Czech Institute of Egyptology for archaeological and environmental research in Egypt and Sudan. His principal research interest is the period of the pyramid builders of the Old Kingdom.