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Grygar Jiří

RNDr., CSc.
Born March 17, 1936 in Pruský Jindřichov
(Heinersdorf; now Dziewietlice)

  • Astronomy, astrophysics
  • Member of Learned Society since 1994 (Founding Member)
  • Member, Council of LS 1998-2002
  • President of LS 2004-present

Educational and professional preparation:

  • 1954, graduated, eleven-year school, Brno-Husovice;
  • 1954-1957, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University;
  • 1957-1959, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University;
  • 1963, CSc., Institute of Astronomy, CSAS;
  • 1967, RNDr., CU

Employment and academic positions:

  • 1959-1962, post-graduate student, Institute of Astronomy CSAS, Ondřejov;
  • 1963-1980, scientist, Stellar Department, Institute of Astronomy, CSAS;
  • 1980-1991, scientist, Department of Low-Temperature Physics, Institute of Physics, CSAS, Řež;
  • 1991-present, scientist, Section of Elementary Particles, Institute of Physics, AS CR

Membership in selected domestic scientific bodies:

  • 1991-1993, Chairman, Scientific Council, Grant Agency of AS CR
  • 1992-1998, Chairman, Czech Astronomical Society
  • 1993-2001, Member, Council for Sciences of AS CR
  • 1993-present, Vice-Chairman, Council for Promotion of Science of AS CR
  • 1998-present, Member, Steering Committee, Council of Czech Scientific Societies
  • 2004-present, Honorary Chairman, Czech Astronomical Society

Membership and positions in selected international organizations and societies:

  • 1967, Member, International Astronomical Union (IAU)
  • 1967, Member, IAU Commission 42 (Close Binaries)
  • 1972-1981, Member, IAU Subcommission on Bibliography of Close Binaries
  • 1972, Member, IAU Commission 27 (Variable Stars)
  • 1991, Founding Member, European Astronomical Society (EAS)
  • 2001-present, Vice-President, European Council of Sceptical Organisations (ECSO)

Notable awards:

  • 1983, Prize, Promotion of Science, CSAS
  • 1984, Prize, television series „Windows of the Universe Wide Open“, Czechoslovak Television
  • 1989, Honorary Member, Czechoslovak Astronomical Society
  • 1992, Kisch Prize for book Stopping Points in the Universe, Obec spisovatelů, Prague
  • 1994, Prize, Promotion of Science, AS CR
  • 1996, Asteroid No. 3336 designated „Grygar“ by IAU, Paris
  • 1996, Kalinga Prize, Popularization of Science, UNESCO, Paris-New Delhi
  • 1997, Prize, personage „outside the walls“, Masaryk University, Universitatis Masarykiana Foundation, Brno
  • 2001, Honorary Member, Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists
  • 2003, Littera Astronomica Prize, series of general articles, „Harvest of Discoveries“ (1966-2001), Czech Astronomical Society
  • 2003, Fischer lecture, Scientific Council of Palacký University, Olomouc

Selected publications:

  • D. Chochol, C. J. van Houten, K. K. Kwee, T. Pribulla, J. Grygar: Analysis of multicolour light curves of southern eclipsing binaries GW Car, V685 Cen, V742 Cen and V746 Sco. Contr. Astron. Obs. Skalnaté Pleso 33, 107 (2003)
  • R. Komžík, A. Ulla, D. Chochol, J. Grygar: Detection of the secondary minima in TX UMa. Inform. Bull. Var. Stars No. 5155 (2001)
  • P. Schovánek, J. Křepelka, M. Hrabovský, M. Palatka, M. Vlček, L. Soukup, L. Jastrabík, J. Řídký, J. Grygar, M. Boháčová: Optical filters designed for the fluorescence detector of the AUGER project with transmittance in the range of 300 nm to 420 nm. Proc. SPIE 4356, 213 (2001)
  • D. Chochol, J. Grygar, T. Pribulla, R. Komžík, L. Hric, V. Elkin: The expansion of the envelope of Nova V1974 Cyg and the distance problem. Astron. Astrophys. 318, 908 (1997).
  • J. Grygar: The role of space-based observations in astrophysical research. Amer. Inst. Phys Conference Proc. 245, 219 (1992)
  • J. Grygar, L. Hric, R. Komžík, Z. Šíma: Direct detection of the secondary spectrum of the interacting eclipsing binary TX UMa. Astrophys. Space. Sci. 185, 189 (1991)
  • J. Grygar: The phenomenon of novae in contemporary astrophysics. Scientia 116, 295 (1981)
  • J. Grygar, L. Hric, D. Chochol, A. Mammano: The symbiotic variable V 1329 Cygni (= HBV 475) - a decade after its discovery. Bul. Astron. Inst. Czechosl. 30, 308 (1979)
  • J. Grygar, M. L. Cooper, I. Jurkevich: Limb darkening problem in eclipsing binaries. Bull. Astron. Inst. Czechosl. 23, 147 (1972)
  • J. Grygar, J. Smolinski, J. B. Hutchings: The transition stage spectrum of Nova Serpentis 1970. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pacific 83, 15 (1971)

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News

26.06.20

Reaction to the case of Tomáš Hudlický: Members of the Learned Society of the Czech Republic support the freedom of expression

„We believe that free exchange of ideas is a key condition for the pursuit of truth and that the honest opinions should be scrutinized, challenged or rebutted but not censored or suppressed,“ say 45 members of the Learned Society in a statement regarding the retracted opinion paper by Prof. Tomáš Hudlický.

24.06.20

The letter by Jan Konvalinka to the President and Vice-Chancellor of the Brock University regarding the retracted article of Prof. Tomáš Hudlický

Opinions could and should be challenged, questioned or refuted but never silenced. In order to be able to think, we have to have the right to inquire, question and even offend or be mistaken,” writes Assoc. Prof. Jan Konvalinka, a biochemist at the IOCB Prague and the Vice-Rector of the Charles University, to Gervan Fearon.

27.11.19

Prof Miroslav Bárta receives the Česká hlava National Government Award

Learned Society member, Prof. Mgr. Miroslav Bárta, Dr. (Charles University Faculty of Arts) received the Česká hlava (Czech Head) National Government Award on 25 November 2019. A renowned Czech Egyptologist and archaeologist, Professor Bárta researches the history of ancient civilisations, the human relationship to the natural environment, and also for many years the evolution of complex societies. He leads the Czech Institute of Egyptology for archaeological and environmental research in Egypt and Sudan. His principal research interest is the period of the pyramid builders of the Old Kingdom.