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Švestka Zdeněk

Doc., RNDr, DrSc
Born September 30, 1925 in Prague

  • Solar physics, specialization solar activity,
  • study of solar activity from satellites and space probes.
  • Honorary member of Learned Society since 1995

Educational and professional preparation:

  • 1945, Graduate (after forced labour), secondary school, Prague XII (Slovenská St.);
  • 1945-1949, student, astronomy and theoretical physics, Charles University (CU), Prague;
  • 1949, RNDr.;
  • 1953-1955, post-graduate student, Astronomical Institute, Czechoslovak Academy of sciences (CSAS); 1956, CSc.;
  • 1965, Assistant Professor of astronomy,
  • 1966, DrSc.

Employment and academic positions:

  • 1949-1952, State Observatory, Prague;
  • 1953-1970, Institute of Astronomy, CSAS in Ondřejov (from 1956, Head, Solar Department);
  • 1970-1972, Visiting Scientist; European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC), Noordwijk (The Netherlands);
  • 1972-1974 Visiting Scientist, Fraunhofer Institut, Freiburg (FRG);
  • 1974-1977, American Science and Engineering, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA);
  • 1977-1990, Principal Scientist, Laboratory for Space Research, Space Research Organization Netherlands (SRON), Utrecht (the Netherlands);
  • 1979-present, Research Scientist, Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, University of California at San Diego (USA); prior to 1990 and to present, parttime, non-salaried

Membership and positions in selected scientific bodies:

  • 1964-1970, President, Commission 10 (Solar activity), International Astronomical Union (IAU)
  • 1965-1970, Vice-chairman (in 1968 Substituting Chairman), the Collegium, CSAS for astronomy, geophysics, geodesy and meteorology
  • 1966-present, editor, Solar Physics (published in the Netherlands)
  • 1966-1978, Representative of IAU in Scientific Committee on Solar- Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP) organization
  • 1967-1970 Chairman of Czechoslovak Committees of Committee on Space Research (COSPAR), that was established by International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU, now IC for SU) and of CSAS’ Scientific Committee for Solar-Terrestrial Physics)
  • 1968, Chairman, Program Committee for Symposium “Solar Flares and Space Research” in Tokyo
  • 1975-1985, organizer of four workshops of “Flare Build-up Study” project in USA: (1975 Falmouth; 1977 Boulder; 1983 Big Bear) 1983, National Solar Observatory, Sacramento Peak, California (USA)
  • 1981-1987, Representative of the Netherlands in SCOSTEP organization
  • 1990, Chairman, Program Committee for COSPAR Congress in the Hague
  • 1991, Chairman, Program Committee, I.A.U. Colloquim, “Eruptive Solar Flares” in Argentina
  • 1994-1997, Member, Evaluation Committee, Academy of Sciences of Czech Republic

Notable awards:

  • 1962, Czechoslovak State Award (head of a team)
  • 1968, The Guggenheim Award in Astronautics, New York
  • 1968, Corresponding and (in 1986) regular member, International Academy of Astronautics, Paris
  • 1991, Honorary Member of SCOSTEP, Vienna
  • 1995, Gold Medal of CSAS (for contributions to the development of the physical sciences)
  • 1998, Asteroid discovered at Kleť named “Švestka“.
  • 2002, František Nušl award, Czech Astronomical Society

Selected publications:

  • 230 scientific publications between 1948 and 2003, including:
  • Spectral Analysis of Solar Flares. Adv. Astron. Astrophys. 3, 119-239 (1965)
  • The Phase of Particle Acceleration in the Flare Development. Solar Phys. 13, 471-89 (1970)
  • Spectra of Solar Flares, Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 10, 1-25 (1972)
  • The Hα Flare as a Secondary Product of a Coronal Instability. Solar Phys. 31, 389-400 (1973)
  • Solar Flares, D. Reidel Publ. Co., Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 399 pages (1976)
  • Flare Observations, Chapter 2 in the book Solar Flare Magnetohydro-dynamics. Gordon and Breach, New York/London, pp. 47-137 (1980)
  • Revivals of a Coronal Arch. Solar Phys. 94, 171-192 (1984)
  • Multi-Thermal Observations of Newly Formed Loops in a Dynamic Flare (Švestka and 5 co-authors). Solar Phys. 108, 237-250 (1987)
  • Large-Scale Active Coronal Phenomena in Yohkoh SXT Images, IV. Solar Wind Streams from Flaring Active Regions. (Švestka, Fárník and Hick) Solar Phys. 182, 179-193 (1998)
  • Solar Activity, Chapter 13 in the book Dynamic Sun. Cambridge University Press, pp. 238-261 (2003)

Also the author of three books in Czech published by the Publishing House of CSAS:

  • Slunce a jeho vlivy na Zemi (The Sun and its Effects on the Earth), with F. Link (1953),
  • Hvězdné atmosféry (Stellar Atmospheres) (1954),
  • Mezihvězdná hmota (Interstellar Matter) with V. Vanýsek (1957)
  • Astronomický a astronautický slovník (Astronomical and Astrophysical Dictionary) with J. Kleczek, Orbis Publishing House

Editor of four Proceedings of international symposia and colloquia

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News

25.07.19

Luboš Perek is celebrating his 100th year

Founding fellow of the Learned Society and its doyen, astronomer doc. RNDr. Luboš Perek, DrSc, is celebrating his 100th birthday on 26 July 2019. He is an indelible part of history as the person who helped define cosmic space, he was the first to point out the issue of cosmic waste and was also a teacher to the most important Czechoslovak astronomers. Let us express our respect and admiration of the extraordinary scientific career of a person who worked tirelessly and continues to work. The Learned Society wishes Mr Perek health, optimism and joy in the oncoming years.

23.07.19

The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic has appealed to the Hungarian President to support academic freedom

On Friday 19 July the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and the Learned Society of the Czech Republic sent a letter to Hungarian President János Ánder, in which they state their concerns regarding the situation in respect to management and funding of scientific activities in Hungary. An act, according to which not the Academy of Sciences, but a thirteen-member political committee, will decide on research, funding of scientific activities and establishment or closure of scientific workplaces, will come into force on 1 September.

07.07.19

The loss of Learned Society Fellow prof. Josef Koutecký

We regret to inform that prof. Josef Koutecký, a fellow of the Learned Society, a renowned physician and the founder of paediatric oncology in this country, passed away on 5 July 2019 at the age of 88. He founded paediatric oncology here in 1964 and a separate paediatric oncology department was then established at the Faculty Hospital in Motol, Prague in 1978.