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Paleček Emil

Prof., RNDr., DrSc.
Born October 3, 1930, † 2018

  • Physical biochemistry, biophysical chemistry
  • Member of Learned Society since 1994 (founding member)

Educational and professional preparation:

  • 1956, RNDr. (chemistry/biochemistry), Faculty of Natural Science, Masaryk University (FNS, MU), Brno;
  • 1959, CSc. (chemistry), FNS, MU

Employment and academic positions:

  • 1955-present, Institute of Biophysics, CSAS/AS CR;
  • 1962-1963, Postdoc, Department of Biochemistry, Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass., USA;
  • 1967-1970, Head, Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Biophysics, CSAS; 1990-91, Max-Planck Institut für biophysikalische Chemie, Göttingen, FRG (six months)

Membership in selected domestic scientific bodies:

  • 1993-1997, member, Academic Council, AS CR;
  • 2001, member, Council for Sciences, AS CR

Membership and positions in international organizations and societies:

  • Founding member, Bioelectrochemical Society
  • 1982, Member, editorial board, General Physiology and Biophysics
  • 1988, Member, editorial board, Bioelectrochemistry (formerly Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics)
  • 2002, Trustee, The Gregor Mendel Trust (formerly „The Brno Initiative“)
  • 2001, NATO consultant (for DNA biosensors)

Notable awards:

  • 1961, Heyrovský Award (for young scientists), CSAS
  • 1976, State Award (for pioneering work on DNA), President of CSSR
  • 1990, J.G. Mendel Gold Medal, AS CR
  • 2000, Award of AS CR

Selected publications:

  • Palecek E.: Oscillographic polarography of highly polymerized deoxyribonucleic acid. Nature 188, 656-657 (1960)
  • Palecek E.: Polarographic techniques in nucleic acid research. In: Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology (Davidson J. N., Cohn W. E., Eds.). Academic Press, New York, Vol. 9, (1969) 31-73
  • Palecek E. Premelting changes in DNA conformation. Progr. Nucleic Acid Res. Mol. Biol. 18, 151-213 (1976)
  • Lilley D. M., Palecek E.: The supercoil-stabilised cruciform of Col E1 is hyper-reactive to osmium tetroxide. EMBO J. 3, 1187-1192 (1984)
  • Palecek E.: Probing of DNA structure in cells with osmium tetroxide, 2,2’-bipyridine. Methods Enzymol. 212, 305-331 (1992)
  • McClellan J. A., Boublíková P., Palecek E., Lilley D. M. J.: Superhelical torsion in cellular DNA responds directly to enviromental and genetic factors. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87, 8373-8377 (1990)
  • Palecek E.: Contribution to studies of local DNA structures stabilized by supercoiling. Crit. Rev. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 26, 151-226 (1991)
  • Palecek E., Vlk D., Stankova V., Brazda V., Vojtesek B., Hupp T. R., Schaper A., Jovin T. M.: Evidence of preferential binding of the tumor suppressor protein p53 to supercoiled DNAs. Oncogene 15, 2201-2209 (1997)
  • Palecek E., Fojta, M.: Detecting DNA Hybridization and Damage. Anal. Chem. 73 (2001) 75A-83A
  • Palecek E., Brazda V., Jagelska E., Pecinka P., Karlovska L., Brazdova M.: Enhancement of p53 sequence-specific binding by DNA supercoiling. Oncogene (2004), 1-9.

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XXV. General Assembly of the Learned Society of the Czech Republic

The ceremonial part of the XXV. General Assembly of the Learned Society, at which the Medals of the Learned Society of the Czech Republic Societas Scientarium Bohemica Ad Laudem et Honorem and the awards of the Learned Society of the Czech Republic in the “Young Scientist” and “Grammar School Student” categories were presented, took place on Monday 20 May 2019 in the Great Hall of the Carolinum.


Bolzano lecture by prof. Kip S. Thorne

American physicist Kip S. Thorne, recipient of the Nobel Prize for 2017 for detection of gravitational waves, visited Prague at the invitation of he Learned Society. He held a series of “Bolzano lectures” and a lecture titled “Creating Gravitational-Wave Astronomy” for the Learned Society on 15 May 2019 in the Blue Auditorium of the Carolinum. The lecture was held with the support of the Karel Janeček Foundation and was received very enthusiastically.


XXV. General Assembly

The Czech Learned Society is holding its XXV. General Assembly on 20 and 21 May 2019. The Learned Society’s awards in the “Young Scientist” and “Grammar School Student” categories, Teaching Awards for pedagogic workers who promote interest in science and research at grammar schools and the Learned Society’s medals for meritorious contributions to the advance of science will be presented during a ceremony on 20 May at the Karolinum. Lectures by renowned scientists will also be presented. The second day will be reserved for the working part of the meeting, in the building of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.