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Paleček Emil

Prof., RNDr., DrSc.
Born October 3, 1930, † 2018

  • Physical biochemistry, biophysical chemistry
  • Member of Learned Society since 1994 (founding member)

Educational and professional preparation:

  • 1956, RNDr. (chemistry/biochemistry), Faculty of Natural Science, Masaryk University (FNS, MU), Brno;
  • 1959, CSc. (chemistry), FNS, MU

Employment and academic positions:

  • 1955-present, Institute of Biophysics, CSAS/AS CR;
  • 1962-1963, Postdoc, Department of Biochemistry, Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass., USA;
  • 1967-1970, Head, Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Biophysics, CSAS; 1990-91, Max-Planck Institut für biophysikalische Chemie, Göttingen, FRG (six months)

Membership in selected domestic scientific bodies:

  • 1993-1997, member, Academic Council, AS CR;
  • 2001, member, Council for Sciences, AS CR

Membership and positions in international organizations and societies:

  • Founding member, Bioelectrochemical Society
  • 1982, Member, editorial board, General Physiology and Biophysics
  • 1988, Member, editorial board, Bioelectrochemistry (formerly Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics)
  • 2002, Trustee, The Gregor Mendel Trust (formerly „The Brno Initiative“)
  • 2001, NATO consultant (for DNA biosensors)

Notable awards:

  • 1961, Heyrovský Award (for young scientists), CSAS
  • 1976, State Award (for pioneering work on DNA), President of CSSR
  • 1990, J.G. Mendel Gold Medal, AS CR
  • 2000, Award of AS CR

Selected publications:

  • Palecek E.: Oscillographic polarography of highly polymerized deoxyribonucleic acid. Nature 188, 656-657 (1960)
  • Palecek E.: Polarographic techniques in nucleic acid research. In: Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology (Davidson J. N., Cohn W. E., Eds.). Academic Press, New York, Vol. 9, (1969) 31-73
  • Palecek E. Premelting changes in DNA conformation. Progr. Nucleic Acid Res. Mol. Biol. 18, 151-213 (1976)
  • Lilley D. M., Palecek E.: The supercoil-stabilised cruciform of Col E1 is hyper-reactive to osmium tetroxide. EMBO J. 3, 1187-1192 (1984)
  • Palecek E.: Probing of DNA structure in cells with osmium tetroxide, 2,2’-bipyridine. Methods Enzymol. 212, 305-331 (1992)
  • McClellan J. A., Boublíková P., Palecek E., Lilley D. M. J.: Superhelical torsion in cellular DNA responds directly to enviromental and genetic factors. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87, 8373-8377 (1990)
  • Palecek E.: Contribution to studies of local DNA structures stabilized by supercoiling. Crit. Rev. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 26, 151-226 (1991)
  • Palecek E., Vlk D., Stankova V., Brazda V., Vojtesek B., Hupp T. R., Schaper A., Jovin T. M.: Evidence of preferential binding of the tumor suppressor protein p53 to supercoiled DNAs. Oncogene 15, 2201-2209 (1997)
  • Palecek E., Fojta, M.: Detecting DNA Hybridization and Damage. Anal. Chem. 73 (2001) 75A-83A
  • Palecek E., Brazda V., Jagelska E., Pecinka P., Karlovska L., Brazdova M.: Enhancement of p53 sequence-specific binding by DNA supercoiling. Oncogene (2004), 1-9.

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News

25.07.19

Luboš Perek is celebrating his 100th year

Founding fellow of the Learned Society and its doyen, astronomer doc. RNDr. Luboš Perek, DrSc, is celebrating his 100th birthday on 26 July 2019. He is an indelible part of history as the person who helped define cosmic space, he was the first to point out the issue of cosmic waste and was also a teacher to the most important Czechoslovak astronomers. Let us express our respect and admiration of the extraordinary scientific career of a person who worked tirelessly and continues to work. The Learned Society wishes Mr Perek health, optimism and joy in the oncoming years.

23.07.19

The Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic has appealed to the Hungarian President to support academic freedom

On Friday 19 July the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and the Learned Society of the Czech Republic sent a letter to Hungarian President János Ánder, in which they state their concerns regarding the situation in respect to management and funding of scientific activities in Hungary. An act, according to which not the Academy of Sciences, but a thirteen-member political committee, will decide on research, funding of scientific activities and establishment or closure of scientific workplaces, will come into force on 1 September.

07.07.19

The loss of Learned Society Fellow prof. Josef Koutecký

We regret to inform that prof. Josef Koutecký, a fellow of the Learned Society, a renowned physician and the founder of paediatric oncology in this country, passed away on 5 July 2019 at the age of 88. He founded paediatric oncology here in 1964 and a separate paediatric oncology department was then established at the Faculty Hospital in Motol, Prague in 1978.