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Paleček Emil

Prof., RNDr., DrSc.
Born October 3, 1930, † 2018

  • Physical biochemistry, biophysical chemistry
  • Member of Learned Society since 1994 (founding member)

Educational and professional preparation:

  • 1956, RNDr. (chemistry/biochemistry), Faculty of Natural Science, Masaryk University (FNS, MU), Brno;
  • 1959, CSc. (chemistry), FNS, MU

Employment and academic positions:

  • 1955-present, Institute of Biophysics, CSAS/AS CR;
  • 1962-1963, Postdoc, Department of Biochemistry, Brandeis University, Waltham, Mass., USA;
  • 1967-1970, Head, Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Biophysics, CSAS; 1990-91, Max-Planck Institut für biophysikalische Chemie, Göttingen, FRG (six months)

Membership in selected domestic scientific bodies:

  • 1993-1997, member, Academic Council, AS CR;
  • 2001, member, Council for Sciences, AS CR

Membership and positions in international organizations and societies:

  • Founding member, Bioelectrochemical Society
  • 1982, Member, editorial board, General Physiology and Biophysics
  • 1988, Member, editorial board, Bioelectrochemistry (formerly Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics)
  • 2002, Trustee, The Gregor Mendel Trust (formerly „The Brno Initiative“)
  • 2001, NATO consultant (for DNA biosensors)

Notable awards:

  • 1961, Heyrovský Award (for young scientists), CSAS
  • 1976, State Award (for pioneering work on DNA), President of CSSR
  • 1990, J.G. Mendel Gold Medal, AS CR
  • 2000, Award of AS CR

Selected publications:

  • Palecek E.: Oscillographic polarography of highly polymerized deoxyribonucleic acid. Nature 188, 656-657 (1960)
  • Palecek E.: Polarographic techniques in nucleic acid research. In: Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology (Davidson J. N., Cohn W. E., Eds.). Academic Press, New York, Vol. 9, (1969) 31-73
  • Palecek E. Premelting changes in DNA conformation. Progr. Nucleic Acid Res. Mol. Biol. 18, 151-213 (1976)
  • Lilley D. M., Palecek E.: The supercoil-stabilised cruciform of Col E1 is hyper-reactive to osmium tetroxide. EMBO J. 3, 1187-1192 (1984)
  • Palecek E.: Probing of DNA structure in cells with osmium tetroxide, 2,2’-bipyridine. Methods Enzymol. 212, 305-331 (1992)
  • McClellan J. A., Boublíková P., Palecek E., Lilley D. M. J.: Superhelical torsion in cellular DNA responds directly to enviromental and genetic factors. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 87, 8373-8377 (1990)
  • Palecek E.: Contribution to studies of local DNA structures stabilized by supercoiling. Crit. Rev. Biochem. Mol. Biol. 26, 151-226 (1991)
  • Palecek E., Vlk D., Stankova V., Brazda V., Vojtesek B., Hupp T. R., Schaper A., Jovin T. M.: Evidence of preferential binding of the tumor suppressor protein p53 to supercoiled DNAs. Oncogene 15, 2201-2209 (1997)
  • Palecek E., Fojta, M.: Detecting DNA Hybridization and Damage. Anal. Chem. 73 (2001) 75A-83A
  • Palecek E., Brazda V., Jagelska E., Pecinka P., Karlovska L., Brazdova M.: Enhancement of p53 sequence-specific binding by DNA supercoiling. Oncogene (2004), 1-9.

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Reaction to the case of Tomáš Hudlický: Members of the Learned Society of the Czech Republic support the freedom of expression

„We believe that free exchange of ideas is a key condition for the pursuit of truth and that the honest opinions should be scrutinized, challenged or rebutted but not censored or suppressed,“ say 45 members of the Learned Society in a statement regarding the retracted opinion paper by Prof. Tomáš Hudlický.


The letter by Jan Konvalinka to the President and Vice-Chancellor of the Brock University regarding the retracted article of Prof. Tomáš Hudlický

Opinions could and should be challenged, questioned or refuted but never silenced. In order to be able to think, we have to have the right to inquire, question and even offend or be mistaken,” writes Assoc. Prof. Jan Konvalinka, a biochemist at the IOCB Prague and the Vice-Rector of the Charles University, to Gervan Fearon.


Prof Miroslav Bárta receives the Česká hlava National Government Award

Learned Society member, Prof. Mgr. Miroslav Bárta, Dr. (Charles University Faculty of Arts) received the Česká hlava (Czech Head) National Government Award on 25 November 2019. A renowned Czech Egyptologist and archaeologist, Professor Bárta researches the history of ancient civilisations, the human relationship to the natural environment, and also for many years the evolution of complex societies. He leads the Czech Institute of Egyptology for archaeological and environmental research in Egypt and Sudan. His principal research interest is the period of the pyramid builders of the Old Kingdom.